Return on capital employed calculator

To calculate the return on capital employed (ROCE), you’ll need two pieces of information: the operating profit and the capital employed.

Ian Hawkins

Page written by Ian Hawkins. Last reviewed on May 17, 2024. Next review due March 1, 2025.


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Capital employed


Return on capital employed


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What is the return on capital employed?

Return on capital employed (ROCE) is a financial ratio that measures a company’s profitability and efficiency in generating profits from its capital investments.

How do you calculate return on capital employed?

The formulas to calculate ROCE using total assets or equity

To calculate return on capital employed (ROCE), you can also follow these steps:

  • Determine the net operating profit after tax (NOPAT) by subtracting taxes from the company’s operating profit.
  • Calculate the capital employed, which includes both equity and debt financing. It can be calculated as the sum of shareholders’ equity and long-term debt.
  • Use the ROCE formula to divide NOPAT by capital employed, then multiply by 100 to express the result as a percentage.

Why calculate ROCE?

ROCE stands for return on capital employed. It is a financial ratio that measures the profitability and efficiency of a company’s capital investments. ROCE indicates how well a company is generating profits from its invested capital.

ROCE is used as a performance metric by investors, analysts, and managers to assess a company’s profitability and the efficiency with which it utilises its capital. A higher ROCE indicates that the company is generating more profits relative to the capital invested, which is generally considered favourable.

It’s important to note that ROCE can vary across industries, so it is often more meaningful to compare a company’s ROCE to its industry peers to get a better understanding of its performance.


A good return on capital employed (ROCE) varies by industry and company, but generally, a higher ROCE indicates efficient utilisation of capital and better profitability. A ROCE higher than the company's cost of capital is desirable.

ROCE is calculated by dividing the net operating profit after tax (NOPAT) by the capital employed and multiplying the result by 100 to express it as a percentage.

Return on equity (ROE) measures the profitability of a company's equity financing, while return on capital employed (ROCE) considers both equity and debt financing. ROCE provides a broader measure of profitability and efficiency in utilising all capital invested in the business.

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