Credit facility

Page written by AI. Reviewed internally on May 29, 2024.

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A credit facility is a financial arrangement between a lender and a borrower that provides the borrower with access to a predetermined amount of money or credit for a specified period.

What is a credit facility?

A credit facility serves as a flexible source of funding that a borrower can draw upon as needed, up to a certain limit.

Types of credit facilities:

  1. Revolving credit facility: This type allows borrowers to repeatedly draw and repay funds up to a specified limit. Interest is typically charged on the outstanding balance.
  2. Term loan facility: This provides a specific amount of funds for a predetermined period. Repayments are made over the term, often in instalments, until the loan is fully paid off.

Credit facilities are versatile and can be used for various purposes. They may be utilised for working capital needs, financing projects, expanding operations, or even for emergency cash flow requirements. Borrowers may be asked to provide collateral as security. This ensures that the lender has a means of recovering the funds in case of default.

Interest rates on credit facilities can be fixed or variable, depending on the terms of the agreement. The borrower is usually charged interest only on the outstanding balance.

Lenders evaluate the creditworthiness of the borrower before extending a credit facility and for revolving credit facilities, borrowers are typically required to make minimum monthly payments, which cover interest. 

Credit facilities may come with associated fees, such as annual fees, arrangement fees, or penalty charges for late payments. These terms are outlined in the credit agreement.

Credit facilities offer flexibility in terms of when and how funds are used. Borrowers have the discretion to draw on the credit line as needed, making it a convenient source of financing for ongoing or unpredictable expenses.

While a credit facility can be a valuable financial tool, it also comes with responsibilities. Borrowers are obligated to manage their credit responsibly, making timely payments and adhering to the terms and conditions outlined in the credit agreement.

Example of a credit facility

ABC Corporation, a manufacturing company, secures a credit facility from a bank to support its working capital needs. The credit facility provides ABC Corporation with access to a line of credit of up to £1 million.

As part of the credit facility agreement, ABC Corporation can borrow funds from the line of credit as needed to finance its day-to-day operations.

For instance, if ABC Corporation experiences a temporary cash flow shortage due to delays in receiving payments from customers, it can draw £200,000 from the credit facility to bridge the gap and maintain its operations.

ABC Corporation repays the borrowed funds, along with interest, according to the terms of the credit facility agreement. The company can borrow and repay funds from the credit facility multiple times within the agreed-upon period.

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