Human resources (HR)

Ciaran Burke

Page written by AI. Reviewed by Ciaran Burke on February 20, 2024.

Definition

Human resources (HR) refers to the department within an organisation responsible for managing and coordinating all aspects related to the organisation’s employees.

What are human resources?

HR encompasses a wide range of functions aimed at optimising the organisation’s workforce to achieve its strategic objectives while ensuring compliance with employment laws and regulations. HR plays a crucial role in fostering a positive work environment, supporting employee development, and driving organisational success.

HR facilitates the onboarding process for new employees, ensuring they receive the necessary training, resources, and support to integrate into the organisation effectively. This includes orientation sessions, introductions to company policies and procedures, and assistance with completing required paperwork.

Furthermore, HR serves as a connection between management and employees, handling issues related to workplace conflicts, complaints, and disciplinary actions. HR professionals provide guidance, mediation, and resolution strategies to promote a harmonious work environment and maintain positive employee morale.

HR manages the organisation’s compensation and benefits programs, including salary structures, bonus incentives, health insurance, retirement plans, and other employee perks. HR ensures competitive and equitable compensation practices to attract and retain top talent.

Lastly, HR ensures the organisation’s employment practices comply with federal, state, and local labor laws and regulations. This includes overseeing adherence to anti-discrimination laws, wage and hour regulations, workplace safety standards, and employment eligibility verification requirements.

Example of human resources

ABC Corporation’s HR department is responsible for managing the company’s workforce. They oversee recruitment, hiring, and onboarding processes. For instance, when a new position opens up in the marketing department, HR works with the hiring manager to create a job description, post the job opening on various platforms, and screen candidates.

After the hiring decision is made, HR assists with the onboarding process, ensuring the new employee completes necessary paperwork, receives training, and integrates smoothly into the team.

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