A limited company is a type of business structure in which the owners’ liability is limited to the amount they have invested in the company. This means that the personal assets of the shareholders are generally protected in case the company incurs debts, faces legal issues, or becomes insolvent. Limited companies are distinct legal entities from their owners, which provides several advantages, including easier access to capital, perpetuity of existence, and increased credibility.
The key characteristic of a limited company is the limited liability of its shareholders. This means that the personal assets of the shareholders are generally protected from the company’s debts or legal liabilities. In the event of insolvency, shareholders are typically only liable for the unpaid amount of their shares.
Ownership in a limited company is determined by shares. Shareholders hold shares that represent their ownership stake in the company. The ownership and control of the company are based on the number of shares a person or entity holds.
Limited companies are required to comply with various legal obligations, including filing annual financial statements, maintaining proper records, and conducting annual general meetings. These requirements vary by jurisdiction.
Operating as a limited company can enhance a company’s credibility and perceived stability, which may be important for attracting investors, clients, and business partners.
Setting up and maintaining a limited company involves certain costs, including registration fees, legal fees, and ongoing compliance costs. Additionally, there are administrative responsibilities associated with running a limited company.