Net income

Page written by AI. Reviewed internally on June 26, 2024.


Net income, often referred to as “profit” or “earnings,” is a key financial metric that represents the amount of money a company has earned or lost after all expenses, taxes, and other costs have been deducted from its total revenue.

What is net income?

In simple terms, it is the company’s total revenue minus all its operating expenses, interest, and taxes. It reflects the final amount of money that a company has earned or lost over a specific period, typically a quarter or a year.

Net income is a critical measure of a company’s profitability and financial performance. It is used by investors, analysts, and stakeholders to assess the overall health and success of a business. A positive net income indicates that the company is generating profits, while a negative net income signifies a loss.

It’s worth noting that net income can be influenced by various factors, including the company’s revenue, operating costs, interest expenses, tax liabilities, and any extraordinary gains or losses. Additionally, net income is often reported on a per-share basis, known as earnings per share (EPS), which provides a measure of profitability on a per-unit basis for publicly traded companies.

Understanding a company’s net income is crucial for making informed investment decisions and evaluating its financial stability and growth potential.

Example of net income

Let’s consider a retail company called “XYZ Mart.” In a particular quarter, XYZ Mart generates total revenue of £500,000. However, the company incurs various expenses during the same period totalling £400,000.

Now the net income for XYZ Mart can be calculated as:

Net income = £500,000 – £400,000 = £100,000

In this example, the net income for XYZ Mart is £100,000. This represents the profit earned by the company after deducting all expenses from its total revenue.

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