# Acid-test ratio

Page written by AI. Reviewed internally on June 25, 2024.

### Definition

The acid-test ratio, also known as the quick ratio, is a financial metric used to evaluate a company’s ability to cover immediate financial obligations without relying on the sale of inventory.

### What is an acid-test ratio?

The acid-test ratio is calculated using the following formula:

Acid-test ratio = current asset – inventory / current liabilities

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Key points about the acid-test ratio:

1. Focus on short-term liquidity: It specifically looks at a company’s ability to meet its short-term obligations without relying on the sale of inventory.
2. Stringent measure: By excluding inventory, the acid-test ratio provides a more conservative measure of a company’s ability to cover its current liabilities.
3. Ideal ratio: A ratio of 1 or higher is generally considered satisfactory. This means that the company has enough liquid assets to cover its current liabilities.
4. Comparison and analysis: It’s important to compare the acid-test ratio with industry benchmarks and the company’s historical performance to get a sense of its financial health.
5. Limitations: While the acid-test ratio provides valuable insights into short-term liquidity, it doesn’t provide a complete picture of a company’s overall financial health.

Overall, the acid-test ratio is a valuable tool for assessing a company’s ability to meet its short-term financial obligations, providing insights into its liquidity position and financial risk.

### Example of acid-test ratio

1. Balance sheet information:
• ABC Retail’s balance sheet, as of a specific date, shows the following relevant figures:
• Current assets: Â£100,000
• Inventories: Â£20,000
• Current liabilities: Â£40,000
2. Calculation of acid-test ratio:
• Using the formula, you can calculate the acid-test ratio:

The acid-test ratio for ABC Retail is 2, meaning the company has Â£2 in quick assets available to cover each Â£1 of current liabilities.

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