Non-current liabilities, also known as long-term liabilities, are obligations or debts that a company expects to settle or fulfil beyond the normal operating cycle, typically extending over a period longer than one year. These liabilities play a vital role in a company’s financial structure and reflect its long-term financial commitments.
Types of non-current liabilities:
- Long-term debt: This includes loans, bonds, and other financial instruments with repayment schedules spanning several years.
- Deferred tax liabilities: These arise due to temporary differences between accounting and tax rules.
- Deferred revenue: This is revenue received in advance for goods or services that will be provided in the future.
- Pension obligations: Liabilities related to employee retirement benefits, including pensions and post-retirement healthcare.
- Lease obligations: Long-term lease agreements for assets like real estate or equipment.
- Contingent liabilities: These are potential obligations that arise from past events and will be confirmed only if certain future events occur.
Non-current liabilities often involve the payment of interest. For instance, long-term debt incurs periodic interest payments in addition to the repayment of the principal.
Companies may choose to refinance or roll over their non-current liabilities by obtaining new loans or issuing new securities to repay existing ones. This is a common practice to manage long-term debt.
Non-current liabilities must be disclosed in a company’s financial statements, usually in the notes to the financial statements. This includes details about the nature, terms, and conditions of these liabilities.