Current ratio

Page written by AI. Reviewed internally on March 26, 2024.


The current ratio is a financial metric used to assess a company’s short-term liquidity and its ability to cover immediate financial obligations with its current assets

What is a current ratio?

The current ratio, along with other financial ratios, is typically disclosed in a company’s financial statements, providing transparency to stakeholders about its short-term liquidity position.

The current ratio is calculated using the following formula:

Current ratio = total current assets / total current liabilities

A current ratio greater than 1 indicates that a company has more current assets than current liabilities, while a current ratio of less than 1 implies that a company may have difficulty meeting its short-term obligations using its current assets alone. A higher current ratio indicates a healthier level of working capital.

The ‘ideal’ ratio is between 1.5 and 2. The current ratio provides a snapshot of a company’s short-term liquidity, but it doesn’t offer insight into the company’s ability to generate cash in the future.

Example of current ratio

Let’s consider an example for a fictional company, XYZ Inc.:

Current assets:

  • XYZ Inc. has ₦200,000 in cash and cash equivalents.
  • Accounts receivable amount to ₦150,000.
  • The inventory is valued at ₦100,000.
  • Prepaid expenses stand at ₦20,000.

Total current assets = ₦200,000 + ₦150,000 + ₦100,000 + ₦20,000 = ₦470,000

Current liabilities:

  • Accounts payable total ₦80,000.
  • Short-term loans amount to ₦50,000.
  • Accrued liabilities are ₦30,000.
  • The short-term portion of long-term debt is ₦40,000.
  • Income taxes payable are ₦10,000.

Total current liabilities = ₦80,000 + ₦50,000 + ₦30,000 + ₦40,000 + ₦10,000 = ₦210,000

Now, using the formula for the current ratio:

Current ratio = ₦470,000 / ₦210,000 ≈ 2.24

In this example, XYZ Inc. has a current ratio of approximately 2.24. This means that for every dollar of current liabilities, the company has ₦2.24 in current assets.

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